Although development experts need to address the global shortfalls in production, distribution problems and other underlying causes of famine, the immediate challenge always is to feed the hungry.
The short-term challenge of feeding the hungry may undermine long-term efforts to lead developing countries out of poverty. Foreign aid combined with corruption keeps poor systems of governance in place. It appears a significant portion of foreign aid ends up being subsidies for corruption and oppression. For example, Jakob Svensson and Ritva Reinikka's 2004 Quarterly Journal of Economics paper "Local Capture: Evidence From a Central Government Transfer Program in Uganda" finds that only 13 percent of grants for schools were actually spent on schools--most schools received no grant money. Foreign aid easily can hurt populations as often as help them.